Grapevines
Cavity 
 Trees
Boulder 
 Fields
Upland 
 Banks
Sandy 
 Soils
Road 
 Edges
Forest Features

Forest Features

Grapevines:  The habitat includes any area where grapevines are present.  Areas with heavier grapevine growth will be more attractive to wildlife.  Extremely heavy growth of grapevines can shade out and kill the host trees.  When these trees fall, they create  temporary openings in the canopy which alter the habitat to favor species which like brushy openings (see below).  Dense tangles of grapevines function as a source of cover in addition to providing food.

Cavity Trees:  Living or dead trees or tall stumps with a hollow that may be natural or made by a woodpecker.

Flat Boulder Fields and Rocky Areas:  Flat, moist forested areas with abundant moss-covered rocks and/or boulders.

Upland Banks:  Hillsides with a deep layer of sand and/or gravel that can be excavated to form burrows.  These formations are usually comprised of glacial deposits.  Stream banks are considered separately (see below).

Flat Sand/Gravel:  Forested or open areas where soil is sandy or gravelly.  These soils tend to be dry and nutrient-poor, so plants that grow here must be tolerant of these conditions.  One such plant is pitch pine, which covers large areas of southeastern Massachusetts.  In our region however, the only monotypic pitch pine stand is in Montague, but individuals of this species are occasionally found scattered within other forest types.

Road Edges, Woods Roads:  Cleared areas along maintained roads; also unmaintained roads through forest such as logging roads ,snowmobile and ATV trails.