Hemlock often occurs scattered throughout other forest types, but the habitat as included here considers only groves where hemlock is larger (over 10"
DBH) and predominant.
White Pine: Like hemlock, this species is often scattered or mixed with deciduous trees. The habitat included here, however, considers only stands where pines
are larger (over 10" DBH) and predominant.
Red Oak: Northern red oak is a common component of much of the forest in western Massachusetts, but the habitat as included here considers sites
where red oak is predominant. These stands typically occur on upper slopes and ridgetops.
Mixed Stands, Black Cherry Predominant: Stands in which black cherry (large enough to bear
fruit) is one of the dominant tree species.
Mixed Stands, Beech Predominant: Stands in which beech (large enough to bear nuts) is one of the dominant species.
dominated by Bigtooth Aspen or Quaking Aspen. These species are pioneer species that occur following clearing or burning of land. Only stands with average DBH over 4" are included in this
habitat. Seedling and sapling stands are included under Brushy Clearcuts.